27032006, 09:45 AM  #1 
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Could you pass 8thgrade math?
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Could You Pass 8thGrade Math? 1 For her school newspaper, the editor has a photo that has a height of 4" and a width of 6". She needs to enlarge the picture proportionally to fit a space with a height of 7". What will the new width be? a) 17" b) 141/2" c) 112/3" d) 101/2" e) 42/3" 2 Jessie runs at a constant rate of 7 meters per second. At the beginning of a race, she is 350 meters from the finish line. How long will it take Jessie to reach the finish line? a) 40 seconds b) 50 seconds c) 60 seconds d) 100 seconds e) 400 seconds 3 An airplane flying at an altitude of 32,000 feet descends at a rate of 1,300 feet per minute. If the plane descends for 15 minutes, what would its altitude be in feet? a) 10,000 feet b) 12,500 feet c) 19,000 feet d) 19,500 feet e) 30,200 feet 4 The shaded surface of this access ramp will be covered with allweather carpet. Find the area of the carpet needed. Graphic image a) 12 sq ft of carpet b) 32 sq ft of carpet c) 40 sq ft of carpet d) 48 sq ft of carpet e) 96 sq. ft of carpet 5 Find the value of x. Graphic diagram a) 83 b) 59 c) 54 d) 14 e) 10 6 Luke wants to buy a CD player that costs $56 including tax. He gets $10 a week for his allowance. He spends $3.50 a week and saves the rest. How many weeks will it take him to save enough money to buy the CD player? a) 6 weeks b) 7 weeks c) 8 weeks d) 9 weeks e) 10 weeks 7 Calculate the surface area of the cube below. Graphic diagram a) 3.375 cm2 b) 4.5 cm2 c) 6.75 cm2 d) 9 cm2 e) 13.5 cm2 8 Which would result in the largest number? a) 102 + 302 b) 104 c) (19 x 21) + (29 x 31) d) 25 x 36 e) 402 9 Lines m and n are parallel. Which list of angles are all congruent to angle 1? Graphic diagram a) 2, 4, 6 b) 3, 5, 7 c) 4, 5, 6 d) 6, 7, 8 e) 8, 4, 1 10 As Stephen walks home he walks by an empty rectangular field. He can either walk across the field diagonally or walk the length and width. About how many feet less is the walk diagonally through the lot? Graphic diagram a) About 141 feet b) About 200 feet c) About 279 feet d) About 420 feet e) About 721 feet ANSWERS 1 The correct answer: D 101/2" This question asked: For her school newspaper, the editor has a photo that has a height of 4" and a width of 6". She needs to enlarge the picture proportionally to fit a space with a height of 7". What will the new width be? Solution: The height is currently 4", but it needs to be 7". So ask yourself "4 times what equals 7?" Or: 4x = 7 Now simplify by dividing both sides by 4: x = 7/4 This tells you that the height has been scaled up by a factor of 7/4, so you have to scale up the width by the same factor: 6 × 7/4 = (6 × 7)/4 = 42/4 Dividing 42 by 4, you get 102/4, which simplifies to 101/2. So the width of the enlarged photo would be 101/2". 2 The correct answer: B 50 seconds This question asked: Jessie runs at a constant rate of 7 meters per second. At the beginning of a race, she is 350 meters from the finish line. How long will it take Jessie to reach the finish line? Solution: Divide the distance that remains by the number of meters Jessie moves every second: 350 ÷ 7 = 50 So it will take Jessie 50 seconds to reach the finish line. 3 The correct answer: B 12,500 feet This question asked: An airplane flying at an altitude of 32,000 feet descends at a rate of 1,300 feet per minute. If the plane descends for 15 minutes, what would its altitude be in feet? Solution: First figure out how far the plane will descend: 15 × 1,300 = 19,500 Now subtract that distance from the plane's original altitude: 32,000  19,500 = 12,500 So after descending for 15 minutes the plane's altitude will be 12,500 feet. 4 The correct answer: C 40 sq ft of carpet This question asked: The shaded surface of this access ramp will be covered with allweather carpet. Find the area of the carpet needed. Graphic image Solution: You need to find the length of the longest side of the triangle before you can figure out the area of the shaded rectangle. The square of the length of the longest side (the hypotenuse) is equal to the sum of the squares of the shorter sides: h2 = 42 + 32 Now simplify the right side of the equation: h2 = 16 + 9 = 25 Take the square root of both sides: h = 5 Now you have the width of the rectangle. Multiply it by the length of the rectangle: 8 × 5 = 40 So the area of the carpet needed is 40 square feet. 5 The correct answer: B 59 This question asked: Find the value of x. Graphic diagram Solution: The three angles of a triangle always add up to 180 degrees, so: 56 + 70 + (x  5) = 180 Subtract 56 from both sides of the equation: 70 + (x  5) = 124 Subtract 70 from both sides of the equation: x  5 = 54 Add 5 to both sides of the equation: x = 59 6 The correct answer: D 9 weeks This question asked: Luke wants to buy a CD player that costs $56 including tax. He gets $10 a week for his allowance. He spends $3.50 a week and saves the rest. How many weeks will it take him to save enough money to buy the CD player? Solution: First figure out how much Luke saves each week: x = 10  3.50 x = 6.50 Now divide 56 by the amount Luke saves each week and round off to the hundredths place: 56 ÷ 6.50 = 8.62 Since it will take more money than Luke gets in 8 weeks, and he only gets paid once a week, then it will take 9 weeks to save enough for the CD player. 7 The correct answer: E 13.5 cm2 This question asked: Calculate the surface area of the cube below. Graphic diagram Solution: The surface area of a cube is equal to 6 times the area of a single side because all 6 sides have the same area. First find the area of a single side: x = 1.5 x 1.5 x = 2.25 Now find the surface area of the cube: A = 6 x 2.25 A = 13.5 So the surface area of the cube is 13.5 cm2. 8 The correct answer: B 104 This question asked: Which would result in the largest number? Solution: You'll have to work out all five expressions to know which gives the largest number: a) 102 + 302 = 10 × 10 + 30 × 30 = 100 + 900 = 1000 b) 104 = 10 × 10 × 10 × 10 = 10,000 c) (19 x 21) + (29 x 31) = 399 + 899 = 1298 d) 25 × 36 = 900 e) 402 = 40 × 40 = 1,600 10,000or 104is the largest of your answer options. 9 The correct answer: B 3, 5, 7 This question asked: Lines m and n are parallel. Which list of angles are all congruent to angle 1? Graphic diagram Solution: Congruent angles have the same measure. Angle 1 is supplementary to angle 4 (supplementary angles have measures that add up to 180). Angle 3 is also supplementary to angle 4. The measures of angles 1 and 3 must therefore be the same, and so angle 1 is congruent to angle 3. Only one of the answer options includes angle 3, so that must be the correct one. 10 The correct answer: C About 279 feet This question asked: As Stephen walks home he walks by an empty rectangular field. He can either walk across the field diagonally or walk the length and width. About how many feet less is the walk diagonally through the lot? Graphic image Solution: First figure out how far it is to walk around: x = 400 + 600 x = 1,000 ft Now figure out how far it is to walk diagonally across. The distance across is the long side (the hypotenuse) of a right triangle with sides of length 400 and 600. The square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the shorter sides: h2 = 4002 + 6002 h2 = 160,000 + 360,000 h2 = 520,000 Use a calculator to take the square root of both sides and round off to the nearest whole number: h = 721 Now subtract the distance across the field from the distance around the field: 1,000  721 = 279 The distance across is therefore about 279 feet less than the distance around. BEST OF LUCK. Sponsored Links
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